To avoid enforcement efforts, pirate sites often go to extremes to hide themselves from rightsholders and authorities. Increasingly, this also means that they use various encryption technologies to increase their resilience and anonymity.
Several of these techniques are highlighted in a new report published by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO).
The report gives a broad overview of the business models that are used to illegally exploit intellectual property. This includes websites dedicated to counterfeit goods, but also online piracy hubs such as torrent sites and file-hosting platforms.